Whitney High School

Health and Consumer Studies
 
CHAPTER 5.6. CALIFORNIA COMPREHENSIVE SEXUAL HEALTH AND HIV/AIDS PREVENTION EDUCATION ACT

EDUCATION CODE SECTION 51930-51932

51930. 
(a) This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the California Comprehensive Sexual Health and HIV/AIDS Prevention Education Act.

(b) The purposes of this chapter are as follows:
  1. To provide a pupil with the knowledge and skills necessary to protect his or her sexual and reproductive health from unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases.
  2. To encourage a pupil to develop healthy attitudes concerning adolescent growth and development, body image, gender roles, sexual orientation, dating, marriage, and family.

51931. 
For the purposes of this chapter, the following definitions apply:

(a)  "Age appropriate" refers to topics, messages, and teaching methods suitable to particular ages or age groups of children and adolescents, based on developing cognitive, emotional, and behavioral capacity typical for the age or age group.

(b) "Comprehensive sexual health education" means education regarding human development and sexuality, including education on pregnancy, family planning, and sexually transmitted diseases.

(c) "English learner" means a pupil as described in subdivision (a) of Section 306.

(d) "HIV/AIDS prevention education" means instruction on the nature of HIV/AIDS, methods of transmission, strategies to reduce the risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and social and public health issues related to HIV/AIDS.  For the purposes of this chapter, "HIV/AIDS prevention education" is not comprehensive sexual health education.

(e) "Instructors trained in the appropriate courses" means instructors with knowledge of the most recent medically accurate research on human sexuality, pregnancy, and sexually transmitted diseases.

(f) "Medically accurate" means verified or supported by research conducted in compliance with scientific methods and published in peer-reviewed journals, where appropriate, and recognized as accurate and objective by professional organizations and agencies with expertise in the relevant field, such as the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the American Public Health Association, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

(g) "School district" includes county boards of education, county superintendents of schools, the California School for the Deaf, and the California School for the Blind.


51932. 
(a) This chapter does not apply to description or illustration of human reproductive organs that may appear in a textbook, adopted pursuant to law, on physiology, biology, zoology, general science, personal hygiene, or health.

(b) This chapter does not apply to instruction or materials that discuss gender, sexual orientation, or family life and do not discuss human reproductive organs and their functions.
 
EDUCATION CODE SECTION 51933

51933. 
(a) School districts may provide comprehensive sexual health education, consisting of age-appropriate instruction, in any kindergarten to grade 12, inclusive, using instructors trained in the appropriate courses.
(b) A school district that elects to offer comprehensive sexual health education pursuant to subdivision (a), whether taught by school district personnel or outside consultants, shall satisfy all of the following criteria:
  1. Instruction and materials shall be age appropriate.
  2. All factual information presented shall be medically accurate and objective.
  3. Instruction shall be made available on an equal basis to a pupil who is an English learner, consistent with the existing curriculum and alternative options for an English learner pupil as otherwise provided in this code.
  4. Instruction and materials shall be appropriate for use with pupils of all races, genders, sexual orientations, ethnic an cultural backgrounds, and pupils with disabilities.
  5. Instruction and materials shall be accessible to pupils with disabilities, including, but not limited to, the provision of a modified curriculum, materials and instruction in alternative formats, and auxiliary aids.
  6. Instruction and materials shall encourage a pupil to communicate with his or her parents or guardians about human sexuality.
  7. Instruction and materials shall teach respect for marriage and committed relationships.
  8. Commencing in grade 7, instruction and materials shall teach that abstinence from sexual intercourse is the only certain way to prevent unintended pregnancy, teach that abstinence from sexual activity is the only certain way to prevent sexually transmitted diseases, and provide information about the value of abstinence while also providing medically accurate information on other methods of preventing pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases.
  9. Commencing in grade 7, instruction and materials shall provide information about sexually transmitted diseases.  This instruction shall include how sexually transmitted diseases are and are not transmitted, the effectiveness and safety of all federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved methods of reducing the risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases, and information on local resources for testing and medical care for sexually transmitted diseases.
  10. Commencing in grade 7, instruction and materials shall provide information about the effectiveness and safety of all FDA-approved contraceptive methods in preventing pregnancy, including, but not limited to, emergency contraception.
  11. Commencing in grade 7, instruction and materials shall provide pupils with skills for making and implementing responsible decisions about sexuality.
  12. Commencing in grade 7, instruction and materials shall provide pupils with information on the law on surrendering physical custody of a minor child 72 hours or younger, pursuant to Section 1255.7 of the Health and Safety Code and Section 271.5 of the Penal Code.
(c) A school district that elects to offer comprehensive sexual health education pursuant to subdivision (a) earlier than grade 7 may provide age appropriate and medically accurate information on any of the general topics contained in paragraphs (8) to (12), inclusive, of subdivision (b).
(d) If a school district elects to offer comprehensive sexual health education pursuant to subdivision (a), whether taught by school district personnel or outside consultants, the school district shall comply with the following:
  1. Instruction and materials may not teach or promote religious doctrine.
  2. Instruction and materials may not reflect or promote bias against any person on the basis of any category protected by Section 220.

EDUCATION CODE SECTION 51934

51934. 
(a) A school district shall ensure that all pupils in grades 7 to 12, inclusive, receive HIV/AIDS prevention education from instructors trained in the appropriate courses.  Each pupil shall receive this instruction at least once in junior high or middle school and at least once in high school.

(b) HIV/AIDS prevention education, whether taught by school district personnel or outside consultants, shall satisfy all of the criteria set forth in paragraphs (1) to (6), inclusive, of subdivision (b) and paragraphs (1) and (2) of subdivision (d) of Section 51933, shall accurately reflect the latest information and recommendations from the United States Surgeon General, the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the National Academy of Sciences, and shall include the following:

  1. Information on the nature of HIV/AIDS and its effects on the human body.
  2. Information on the manner in which HIV is and is not transmitted, including information on activities that present the highest risk of HIV infection.
  3. Discussion of methods to reduce the risk of HIV infection. This instruction shall emphasize that sexual abstinence, monogamy, the avoidance of multiple sexual partners, and abstinence from intravenous drug use are the most effective means for HIV/AIDS prevention, but shall also include statistics based upon the latest medical information citing the success and failure rates of condoms and other contraceptives in preventing sexually transmitted HIV infection, as well as information on other methods that may reduce the risk of HIV transmission from intravenous drug use.
  4. Discussion of the public health issues associated with HIV/AIDS.
  5. Information on local resources for HIV testing and medical care.
  6. Development of refusal skills to assist pupils in overcoming peer pressure and using effective decisionmaking skills to avoid high-risk activities.
  7. Discussion about societal views on HIV/AIDS, including stereotypes and myths regarding persons with HIV/AIDS.  This instruction shall emphasize compassion for persons living with HIV/AIDS.

EDUCATION CODE SECTION 51935-51936

51935. 
(a) A school district shall cooperatively plan and conduct in-service training for all school district personnel that provide HIV/AIDS prevention education, through regional planning, joint powers agreements, or contract services.
(b) In developing and providing in-service training, a school district shall cooperate and collaborate with the teachers of the district who provide HIV/AIDS prevention education and with the State Department of Education.

(c) In-service training shall be conducted periodically to enable school district personnel to learn new developments in the scientific understanding of HIV/AIDS.  In-service training shall be voluntary for school district personnel who have demonstrated expertise or received in-service training from the State Department of Education or federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

(d) A school district may expand HIV/AIDS in-service training to cover the topic of comprehensive sexual health education in order for school district personnel who provide comprehensive sexual health education to learn new developments in the scientific understanding of sexual health.


51936. 
School districts may contract with outside consultants with expertise in comprehensive sexual health education or HIV/AIDS prevention education, or both, including those who have developed multilingual curricula or curricula accessible to persons with disabilities, to deliver the instruction or to provide training for school district personnel.


EDUCATION CODE SECTION 51937-51939

51937. 
It is the intent of the Legislature to encourage pupils to communicate with their parents or guardians about human sexuality and HIV/AIDS and to respect the rights of parents or guardians to supervise their children's education on these subjects.  The Legislature intends to create a streamlined process to make it easier for parents and guardians to review materials and evaluation tools related to comprehensive sexual health education and HIV/AIDS prevention education, and, if they wish, to excuse their children from participation in all or part of that instruction or evaluation. The Legislature recognizes that while parents and guardians overwhelmingly support medically accurate, comprehensive sex education, parents and guardians have the ultimate responsibility for imparting values regarding human sexuality to their children.


51938. 
A parent or guardian of a pupil has the right to excuse their child from all or part of comprehensive sexual health education, HIV/AIDS prevention education, and assessments related to that education, as follows:

(a) At the beginning of each school year, or, for a pupil who enrolls in a school after the beginning of the school year, at the time of that pupil's enrollment, each school district shall notify the parent or guardian of each pupil about instruction in comprehensive sexual health education and HIV/AIDS prevention education and research on pupil health behaviors and risks planned for the coming year.  The notice shall include all of the following:
  1. Advise the parent or guardian that written and audio visual educational materials used in comprehensive sexual health education and HIV/AIDS prevention education are available for inspection.
  2. Advise the parent or guardian whether the comprehensive sexual health education or HIV/AIDS prevention education will be taught by school district personnel or by outside consultants.
  3. Information explaining the parent's or guardian's right to request a copy of this chapter.
  4. Advise the parent or guardian that the parent or guardian may request in writing that his or her child not receive comprehensive sexual health education or HIV/AIDS prevention education.
(b) Notwithstanding Section 51513, anonymous, voluntary, and confidential research and evaluation tools to measure pupils' health behaviors and risks, including tests, questionnaires, and surveys containing age appropriate questions about the pupil's attitudes concerning or practices relating to sex may be administered to any pupil in grades 7 to 12, inclusive, if the parent or guardian is notified in writing that this test, questionnaire, or survey is to be administered and the pupil's parent or guardian is given the opportunity to review the test, questionnaire, or survey and to request in writing that his or her child not participate.


51939. 
(a) A pupil may not attend any class in comprehensive sexual education or HIV/AIDS prevention education, or participate in any anonymous, voluntary, and confidential test, questionnaire, or survey on pupil health behaviors and risks, if the school has received a written request from the pupil's parent or guardian excusing the pupil from participation.

(b) A pupil may not be subject to disciplinary action, academic penalty, or other sanction if the pupil's parent or guardian declines to permit the pupil to receive comprehensive sexual health education or HIV/AIDS prevention education or to participate in anonymous, voluntary, and confidential tests, questionnaires, or surveys on pupil health behaviors and risks.

(c) While comprehensive sexual health education, HIV/AIDS prevention education, or anonymous, voluntary, and confidential test, questionnaire, or survey on pupil health behaviors and risks is being administered, an alternative educational activity shall be made available to pupils whose parents or guardians have requested that they not receive the instruction or participate in the test, questionnaire, or survey.
 
Text Box: Item B - A Fact Sheet on Abstinence

Text Box: Item B - A Fact Sheet on Abstinence iconText Box: Item B - A Fact Sheet on Abstinencetitle

Delaying sexual intercourse can be advantageous for several reasons.  You can use the following information to present the advantages of abstinence to teens within the context of a discussion on birth control or love relationships.
FACTS
  • The majority of teens in the United States practice abstinence.
  • 59.4% of males and females ages 15-17 have never had sexual intercourse.  (1995)
  • 62% of females and 57% of males ages 15-17 have never had sexual intercourse. (1995)
  • CDC Vital and Health Statistics Series 23, Number 21, May 2002
RELATIONSHIP REASONS

Many couples find that delaying sexual intercourse contributes in a positive way to their relationship.

  • Abstaining allows a couple time to develop a deeper friendship. They may spend more time talking, building mutual interests, sharing their good times with other friends, and establishing an intimacy that is other than sexual.
  • Abstaining can be a test of love. Counter to the old line “you would if you loved me,” abstinence can allow time to test the endurance of love beyond the first attraction and before having sexual intercourse.
  • Abstaining contributes to teaching people to be better lovers; to explore a wide range of ways to express love and sexual feelings.
GOOD REASONS TO CHOOSE ABSTINENCE

MEDICAL REASONS
  • Abstinence is the only method of birth control that is a 100% effective and 100% free of side effects.
  • Abstinence virtually eliminates the risk of unwanted pregnancy.  (“Virtually” because pregnancy can occur without sexual intercourse if sperm is ejaculated near the entrance to the vagina during heavy petting.)
  • Abstinence virtually eliminates the risk of contracting herpes, gonorrhea, and other sexually transmissible diseases. (STDs can be passed by sexual contact with an infected person through contact of any mucous membranes or saliva.)
  • Abstinence virtually reduces the risk of cervical cancer.  Cancer researchers are now suggesting a connection between early sexual activity, multiple sexual partners, and increased incidence of cervical cancer.
PERSONAL REASONS

Abstinence is one sign of real emotional maturity and integrity.  Many young women and men report feeling pressured into having sexual intercourse before they are ready.  It requires maturity and honesty to be able to resist the pressure of someone you love in order to make a decision that is consistent with personal, religious, and ethical values and needs.